Do dry cleaning chemicals cause cancer?

Do dry cleaning chemicals cause cancer?

Abstract. Perchloroethylene (PERC) is commonly used as a dry cleaning solvent and is believed to be a human carcinogen, with occupational exposure resulting in elevated rates of kidney cancer.

Can you get cancer from dry cleaning clothes?

The industry calls that junk science. “When handled properly, PERC is “extremely safe,” says Nora Nealis, who runs the National Cleaners Association.” She says studies of workers at dry cleaners have found no increased risk of cancer, even after years of PERC exposure.

Are chemicals used in dry cleaning harmful?

Dry cleaners use dangerous chemical solvents that can stick to clothing. Most cleaners use perchloroethylene, also known as tetrachloroethylene, PCE, or perc. It is reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen, according to the U.S. National Toxicology Program, a prestigious inter-agency scientific body.

What kind of cancer does perchloroethylene cause?

Epidemiological data provide evidence that exposure to perchloroethylene is associated with several cancer types such as non-Hodgkin lymphoma and multiple myeloma (cancers that form in different types of white blood cells) and bladder cancer, while more limited evidence suggests it is also associated with esophageal.

Does degreaser cause cancer?

EPA found that occupational exposures to commercial degreasers show the greatest cancer risk when compared to spot-cleaning exposure scenarios.

Do dry cleaners still use PERC?

Despite PERC’s well-documented destructive ability, the substance is still widely used. An estimated 70 percent of dry cleaners still have a PERC machine. That’s partly because dry cleaning has always been a dangerous business, and PERC seemed, at least for a time, like an acceptable risk.

Is TCE still used in dry cleaning?

Under its Consumer Products Regulation, the California Air Resources Board banned dry cleaning uses of TCE-containing spot removers in California effective December 31, 2012. Safer substitutes to TCE-based spot removers are available, and include water-based cleaners, soy-based cleaners and acetone-based cleaners.

Is PCE a known carcinogen?

The U.S. National Toxicology Program (NTP) lists PCE as “reasonably anticipated to be a human carcinogen”. This means that based on scientific proof, PCE likely causes cancer in humans. PCE has been shown to cause liver tumors in mice and kidney tumors in male rats.

Is TCE a carcinogen?

The Department of Health and Human Services (DHHS) considers trichloroethylene to be a known human carcinogen. The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) classified trichloroethylene as carcinogenic to humans.

What is the difference between TCE and PCE?

TCE is a nonflammable colorless liquid. It was used as a solvent to remove grease from metal parts. It is also found in adhesives, paint removers, and spot removers. PCE is a nonflammable liquid.

Which products contain TCE?

TCE is also used in some household products, such as cleaning wipes, aerosol cleaning products, tool cleaners, paint removers, spray adhesives, and carpet cleaners and spot removers. Commercial dry cleaners also use trichloroethylene as a spot remover.

Can dry cleaning cause cancer?

Dry Cleaning Chemical ‘Likely’ Causes Cancer. PERC is a chemical known as perchloroethylene or tetrachloroethylene. It’s the solvent used by about 85% of U.S. dry cleaners, but is also used as a metal degreaser and in the production of many other chemicals. PERC is found in the air, in drinking water, and in soil.

Who invented dry cleaning?

In fact, dry cleaning as we know it was discovered by Jean-Baptiste Jolly on accident when a kerosene lamp was spilled on a linen tablecloth in the late 1800s. As you can imagine, washing clothes inflammable liquid was not ideal.

What chemicals in cleaning products cause cancer?

Cleaning Chemicals & the Cancer Risk. Phthalates – found in air fresheners, household cleaners and plastics. Endocrine disruptor and may cause organ damage and cancer. Formaldehyde – found in spray and wick deodorizers and air fresheners is a suspected carcinogen.

What chemicals are used in dry cleaning?

Workers at dry-cleaners often breathe fumes from dry-cleaning fluids (also known as solvents). Workers also are exposed to solvents through their skin. Most dry-cleaning machines now use perc (perchloroethylene, PCE).