What is a 638 Agreement?

What is a 638 Agreement?

Laws and Regulations The ISDEAA, also known as P.L. 93-638, authorizes Indian Tribes and Tribal Organizations to contract for the administration and operation of certain Federal programs which provide services to Indian Tribes and their members.

What did the Indian Self-Determination Act do?

In 1975, after much debate, Congress passed the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act . The government could now contract with tribal governments for federal services. The act rejuvenated tribal governments by admitting, rejecting and countering previous paternalistic policies .

What are contract support costs?

Contract support costs are the key to self-determination for tribes—these funds ensure that tribes have the resources that any contractor would require to successfully manage decentralized programs. Tribal leaders across Indian Country have repeatedly emphasized the importance of fully funding contract support costs.

Who funds the IHS?

The IHS has three major sources of funding: (1) discretionary appropriations, (2) collections, and (3) mandatory appropriations. In FY2020, IHS received additional funding through emergency-designated discretionary appropriations in multiple laws enacted in response to the Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic.

What is the Indian Healthcare Improvement Act?

In 1976, the Indian Health Care Improvement Act amended the Social Security Act to permit reimbursement by Medicare and Medicaid for services provided to American Indians and Alaska Natives in Indian Health Service (IHS) and tribal health care facilities.

Who passed Indian Self-Determination Act?

In 1975, the United States Congress enacted the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act, Public Law 93-638.

How does a native tribe gain tribal sovereignty?

It found that tribes “still possess their inherent sovereignty excepting only when it has been specifically taken from them by treaty or Congressional Act”. This means American Indians do not have exactly the same rights of citizenship as other American citizens.

Who signed Indian Self-Determination?

President Gerald R. Ford visits Oklahoma during Native American Awareness Week, Lawton, Oklahoma, 1976. Ford mentions the Indian Self-Determination and Assistance Act he signed into law in early 1975, following the resignation of President Richard M. Nixon.

What is contract support?

Contract Support Services means services provided by one Party to or on behalf of the other Party, in connection with a project being performed for a client, but which by themselves do not constitute a scope of work within the project being performed.

What IHS covers?

The IHS provides an array of medical services, including inpatient, ambulatory, emergency, dental, public health nursing, and preventive health care. The IHS does not have a defined medical benefit package that includes or excludes specific health services or health conditions.

How underfunded is the IHS?

An Underfunded Agency According to figures provided by Miller, in the year 2017, IHS spent $4,078 per capita, compared to a U.S. national health expenditure the same year of $9,726 per capita — more than twice as much. The agency’s budget for fiscal year 2020 was $6.0 billion.

When was IHS established?

1955Indian Health Service / Founded
In 1955, the Transfer Act established the Indian Health Service (IHS) as part of the United States Public Health Service (USPHS) in the former Department of Health, Education, and Welfare, currently known as the Depart- ment of Health and Human Services.

Is the Navajo tribe federally recognized?

The Navajo Nation is the largest federally-recognized American Indian Tribe in the United States of America with a population of 320,000, of which 205,696 reside on the Navajo Nation.

When was the Termination Act passed?

June 17, 1954
On June 17, 1954, Congress passed the Menominee Termination Act, ending the special relationship between the Menominee tribe of Wisconsin and the federal government.

What was the longest walk?

Several hundred American Indian activists and supporters march for five months from San Francisco to Washington, D.C., to protest threats to tribal lands and water rights. The Longest Walk is the last major event of the Red Power Movement.

Does tribal law supercede state law?

As a general rule, state laws do not apply to Indians in Indian country. Instead, tribal and federal laws apply.

Do Native Americans get money from the government?

The Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA) does not disburse cash to individuals, and contrary to popular belief, the U.S. government does not mail out basic assistance checks to people simply because they are Native American.

What did Richard Nixon do for Native Americans?

In that time period, President Nixon signed 52 Congressional legislative measures on behalf of American Indians to support tribal self-rule. In addition, President Nixon increased the BIA budget by 225 percent, doubled funds for Indian health care, and established the Office of Indian Water Rights.

What is a contract Support Officer?

The Contract Support Officer will drive improvements to contractual outcomes by supporting the contract management team through management and adherence to effective contract management governance, by providing; secretariat and administrative support and data analysis to validate provider performance to assure the …

What is a operational contract?

Operations Contract means an agreement, contract or purchase order entered into between the Society and a Supplier to furnish services, equipment, supplies or other things required to deliver the Services, and includes sponsorship contracts as set out in Article 7.6 of this Agreement; Sample 1.

What is a 638 contract?

Looking back at history, the term “638 contract” or more formally a self-determination contract are shorthand for the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (ISDEAA) of 1975 (Public Law 93-638), which has been amended in 1988, 1994 and 2000.

What does “going 638” mean for Native Americans?

There are many benefits to American Indian tribes and Native people by “going 638” and assuming the operations of a PFSA. A few of them are worth mentioning. First, it means a direct link between policy and Indian communities.

What is the Public Law 93-638 program?

Contact Information and Other Resources Public Law 93-638 Program In 1975, Congress enacted Public Law 93-638 of 1975, as amended—the Indian Self-Determination and Education Assistance Act (Act) (25 U.S.C. 5301 et seq.) (formerly 25 U.S.C. 450 et seq.).

How much does Reclamation’s Public Law 93-638 program cost?

Over the past 5 fiscal years (2016 through 2020), funding obligations for Reclamation’s Public Law 93-638 Program have ranged from $110 to $150 million per year. Contact Information and Other Resources