# What is a bias score?

## What is a bias score?

In educational measurement, bias is defined as “Systematic errors in test content, test administration, and/or scoring procedures that can cause some test takers to get either lower or higher scores than their true ability would merit. The source of the bias is irrelevant to the trait the test is intended to measure.”

## What are some sources of bias?

Common sources of bias

• Recall bias. When survey respondents are asked to answer questions about things that happened to them in the past, the researchers have to rely on the respondents’ memories of the past.
• Selection bias.
• Observation bias (also known as the Hawthorne Effect)
• Confirmation bias.
• Publishing bias.

## What is bias in a graph?

In mathematics, a biased graph is a graph with a list of distinguished circles (edge sets of simple cycles), such that if two circles in the list are contained in a theta graph, then the third circle of the theta graph is also in the list.

## How do you minimize test bias?

You can avoid bias by doing the following:

1. Use neutral terms, for example, sales agent instead of salesman.
2. Strive for a balanced representation of various groups in diverse roles.
3. Use standard, formal English.
4. Be wary of using a condescending tone.
5. Avoid references to race, ethnicity, gender, age, etc.

## What is bias in a study?

Bias is defined as any tendency which prevents unprejudiced consideration of a question 6. In research, bias occurs when “systematic error [is] introduced into sampling or testing by selecting or encouraging one outcome or answer over others” 7.

## What is cultural bias in research?

Cultural bias is the tendency to judge people in terms of one’s own cultural assumptions. Alpha bias occurs when a theory assumes that cultural groups are profoundly different, and that recognition of these enduring differences must always inform psychological research and understanding.

## How can I be aware of bias?

What are some ways we can uncover our own biases?