What is the difference between Mohism and Confucianism?

What is the difference between Mohism and Confucianism?

In contrast to the Confucian moral ideal of ren (“humanity” or “benevolence”), which differentiated the special love for one’s parents and family from the general love shown to fellow men, the Mohists advocated the practice of love without distinctions (jianai).

What are the beliefs of Mohism?

Central elements of Mohist thought include advocacy of a unified ethical and political order grounded in a consequentialist ethic emphasizing impartial concern for all; active opposition to military aggression and injury to others; devotion to utility and frugality and condemnation of waste and luxury; support for a …

What is the concept of Mohism?

Mohism promotes a philosophy of impartial caring; that is, a person should care equally for all other individuals, regardless of their actual relationship to him or her. The expression of this indiscriminate caring is what makes man a righteous being in Mohist thought.

On what points did the Confucian and Mohist schools differ?

On one hand, Confucians believed in their idea of a Mandate of Heaven fulfilling the criteria whereas the Mohists adhered to their idea that the Will of Heaven was more suitable.

Who is the God of Mohism?

Mozi invokes heaven and calls on the Sage Kings to support his precedents. Born in what is now Tengzhou, Shandong Province, he founded the school of Mohism that argued strongly against Confucianism and Taoism. His philosophy emphasized universal love, social order, the will of heaven, sharing, and honoring the worthy.

Who wrote Mohism?

Mozi
400s—300s B.C.E.) Mo Di (Mo Ti), better known as Mozi (Mo-tzu) or “Master Mo,” was a Chinese thinker active from the late 5th to the early 4th centuries B.C.E. He is best remembered for being the first major intellectual rival to Confucius and his followers.

What major differences do you see between the Confucian and legalist ways of governing?

Confucianism relies on the fundamental goodness of human beings, whereas Legalism presupposes that people are fundamentally evil. Therefore, Confucianism casts everything in terms of corresponding responsibilities, whereas Legalism casts everything in terms of strict laws and harsh punishment.

What is universal love Mohism?

The principle of “universal love” (jian’ai) is the premise for Mozi’s condemnation of war. Indiscriminate and unconditional love is that which is extended universally, in other words regardless of the personal relationship entailed.

Who invented Confucianism?

Confucius
The founder of Confucianism was a man named Kong Qi. He later was known as Kong Fuzi, or Master Kong. In the West, he is called Confucius. He was born in 551 B.C. in northeastern China in the state of Lu.

Who was the master of Confucius?

Confucius was the “master” (zi) to these followers, who called themselves his “disciples” or “apprentices” (tu). Among his earliest disciples, three stood out: Zigong, Zilu, and Yan Hui. Zigong had been a merchant before becoming Confucius’s disciple. He was articulate and shrewd and quick on his feet.

How are Confucianism and legalism similar?

Confucianism and Legalism both required strict adherence to principles, whether they were enforcement-based Legalist ones or shame-based Confucian ones. Daoism, in contrast, recognizes no law but the Dao, or the Way.

What are the beliefs of legalism?

The Legalists advocated government by a system of laws that rigidly prescribed punishments and rewards for specific behaviours. They stressed the direction of all human activity toward the goal of increasing the power of the ruler and the state.

How do Confucianism and Legalism differ?

What are the beliefs of Legalism?

What is legalism and Confucianism?

Confucianism is an ethic of moral uprightness, social order, and filial responsibility. Daoism was a philosophy of universal harmony that urged its practitioners not to get too involved in worldly affairs. Legalism is a theory of autocratic, centralized rule and harsh penalties.

What are 3 beliefs of the legalism?

The three main precepts of these Legalist philosophers are the strict application of widely publicized laws (fa), the application of such management techniques (shu) as accountability (xingming) and “showing nothing” (wuxian), and the manipulation of political purchase (shi).

What are the 4 basic beliefs of Confucianism?

The four tenets of Confucian beliefs are the guidelines for this code of ethics….Key Takeaways: The Four Tenets of Confucianism

  • The four tenets of Confucianism are Rites and Rituals, the Five Relations, Rectification of Names, and Ren.
  • All rites and rituals are intentional acts of social unification.

What is the difference between Confucianism and Mohism?

In contrast to the Confucian moral ideal of ren (“humanity” or “benevolence”), which differentiated the special love for one’s parents and family from the general love shown to fellow men, the Mohists advocated the practice of love without distinctions ( jianai ).

What are the basic beliefs of Mohism?

The Mohists presuppose a kind of communitarian system in which the fundamental concern is the interests of society as a whole, specifically social order ( zhi ), economic wealth, and a large population. What is right for the individual is determined by whatever dao (way) is right for society.

Why did the Confucians attack the Mohist concept of undifferentiated love?

The Confucians, in particular Mencius, bitterly attacked the Mohist concept of undifferentiated love because it challenged the basis of Confucian family harmony, which was in fact and theory the foundation for the social harmony of the Confucian state. This article was most recently revised and updated by Matt Stefon.

What is Mozi’s philosophy of Confucianism?

This philosophy challenged the dominant Confucian ideology until about the 3rd century bce. Mozi taught the necessity for individual piety and submission to the will of heaven, or Shangdi (the Lord on High), and deplored the Confucian emphasis on rites and ceremonies as a waste of government funds.